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June 2, 2009


james e. brunson

Many postbellum "colored baseballists" belonged to what I call a "hotel-waiter subculture." The West Ends, the Metropolitans, and the Manhattans are exemplary. The Manhattans began as the Clarendons, waiters at the Clarendon Hotel. The black professional walker Frank H. Hart played for the Leonidas Club, another hotel nine. It was probably here that the St. Louis Black Stockings manager Henry Bridgewater perhaps saw the Clarendons and Hart's aggregation cross bats. Bridgewater recruited Hart to play for him in 1884.

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